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Slax

Run from a Live CD

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Change the Root Password

Add User

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Make a Modified Live CD

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Slax

Make a Modified Live CD

Following is an explanation of how to change the root password and wallpaper, and add programs to Slax. You may make some or all of these changes, or even make some of your own. After making the changes, you can make a modified Slax live CD.


Install Slax and Change the Root Password

Install Slax on a USB or hard drive. There must be enough free space to make the ISO image.

Change the root password.

Don't add your username and password. When Slax adds a user, it also does other things, such as set up a home directory and settings for the new user. If you want to add a user, you also need to add those changes to the new CD.

The following is done using Slax, and logged in as root.


Unpack 001-core.lzm

Create a new directory in root's home directory.

Copy the file "/slax/base/001-core.lzm" and paste it in your new directory.

In your new directory, right click "001-core.lzm." You will get a menu. Click "Extract Slax Module."

Wait. This takes awhile, and there is nothing on the screen to say it is happening. When it is finished you will get a new window saying "Module extracted in /root/(directory)/001-core."


Replace Files

Replace the file "/001-core/etc/shadow" with the file"/etc/shadow." This is the file containing the new password.

Be aware, there is a file "shadow-." Don't use it.


Build Slax Module

In your directory, delete the original file "001-core.lzm."

Right click the directory "001-core." You will get a menu." Click "Build Slax Module."

Wait. This takes much longer than extracting the module, and there is nothing on the screen to say it is happening. Do something else and come back later.

When it is finished you will get a new window saying "Module created in /root/(directory)/001-core.lzm."


Replace Background Image

To replace the background image, you need a suitable jpeg file. Get an appropriate size for the screen resolution.

Using the same process as above, unpack "003-desktop.lzm.

Rename the file "/003-desktop/usr/share/wallpapers/slax-wallpaper.jpg" to something else.

Name your jpeg file "slax-wallpaper.jpg."

Paste it to "/003-desktop/usr/share/wallpapers/"

Build the Slax module, using the same process as above.


Put Files Together

Create a new directory in root's home directory. In this example, it will be called "files4slax."

Paste the two original files "boot" and "slax," to this directory. Use the original files you downloaded, not those installed in your computer.

Replace the files "/files4slax/slax/base/001-core.lzm," and "/files4slax/slax/base/003-desktop.lzm," with your new modified files.

Add additional modules to "/files4slax/slax/modules/"


Lilo Bootloader

If you plan to use the Lilo bootloader, see Install on a Hard Drive or Install on a USB Drive. If you modify liloinst.sh, delete the backup file.


Make Other Changes

You may also make a other changes.


Make ISO

To make a modified live CD, you need to make an iso image.

Open the terminal, and type:

cd files4slax/slax
./make_iso.sh

The terminal will display the progress, and tell you when it is finished.

Another option is to click the file "/files4slax/slax/make_iso.sh." With this method, there will be nothing to indicate the progress, or when it is finished.

This iso can now be written to a CD, and used as a live CD.


Linux Live Scripts

Those who want to make a different Linux distribution based on the same concept, may use Linux Live Scripts.


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© Copyright Guy Shipard 2008 - 2009